If you’re suffering from hip pain, you know just how much it can impact your daily life. Stabbing, achy hip discomfort makes it difficult to walk, stand, sit, and even sleep. As you search for solutions, you quickly realize there are many potential treatment options to consider.
Navigating these choices can feel overwhelming. This guide provides clarity by outlining the common causes of hip pain and overviewing both conservative treatments and surgical procedures. Armed with this knowledge, you can work with your doctor to select the approach that’s right for you.
Understanding Common Causes
Before exploring specific treatment methods, it helps to understand why your hip hurts in the first place. Hip pain stems from a wide range of causes, including:
Joint inflammation resulting from osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis commonly provokes hip pain. As the cartilage wears down, the joint spaces narrow, leading to painful bone-on-bone friction.
Inflammation in the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) surrounding the joints can cause sharp hip pain. Trochanteric bursitis affecting the point of the hip (greater trochanter) is the most common.
- Muscle Strain
Overuse and muscle imbalances often trigger strained hip flexors and surrounding muscle tissues, resulting in achy soreness.
- Fractures And Dislocations
Major injuries to the top of the thigh bone (femoral fractures) or hip socket (hip dislocations) provoke severe, acute hip pain.
Your hip flexor tendons may become irritated and inflamed, resulting in a condition called hip tendinitis. This provokes localized discomfort and pain when using the affected muscles.
Properly identifying the underlying cause of your hip pain will enable your doctor to recommend the most effective treatment approach.
Considering Conservative Treatment Approaches
If you’ve been diagnosed with a minor to moderate hip issue like early arthritis, bursitis, muscle strain, or mild tendinitis, your doctor will likely first recommend conservative at-home and medical treatments. Options might include:
- Pain Medications
Your doctor may recommend you take over-the-counter medicines like ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin to temporarily relieve your hip pain and inflammation. These medications can ease discomfort for several hours but often need to be taken around the clock to stay ahead of the pain.
If over-the-counter NSAIDs do not resolve your symptoms, your physician may prescribe you a stronger anti-inflammatory medication. Prescription anti-inflammatories treat persistent inflammation contributing to chronic hip issues. While taking any medication, watch closely for side effects and discuss concerns with your doctor.
- Bursa Injections
If you have painful, inflamed bursa sacs around your hip joint, your orthopedist may recommend corticosteroid injections. This involves injecting a potent anti-inflammatory corticosteroid medication directly into the irritated bursa to reduce swelling and provide rapid symptom relief.
The effects of the injections tend to be temporary, lasting several months. However, for persistent bursitis, repeat injections spaced three months apart can offer longer-lasting pain and inflammation management.
The injections are administered in your doctor’s office and involve a needle prick, burning sensation, and pressure as the medication enters the joint. Most patients tolerate the discomfort well.
- Physical Therapy
Your doctor may refer you to work with a physical therapist to help treat your hip pain through supervised stretching, strengthening exercises, hands-on joint mobilization techniques, and activity modifications. These methods can improve flexibility, support healing, and prevent future injuries.
Committing to the prescribed at-home exercises and being proactive during sessions leads to the best recovery results. Most patients find physical therapy effectively relieves pain and restores hip function.
- Alternative Treatments
If conventional pain management approaches do not ease your hip discomfort, you may want to explore some alternative therapies. Options like acupuncture, massage, cryotherapy, meditation, and yoga have provided pain relief for some hip patients.
Acupuncture uses tiny needles placed in strategic points around the hip to reduce discomfort. Massage techniques and yoga stretches loosen tight muscles and increase blood flow.
Discuss trying these complementary approaches with your physician first since some methods may not be appropriate depending on your exact diagnosis.
Conservative treatments offer a gentle, non-invasive approach to managing minor to moderate hip problems before considering surgical interventions.
When Surgery Offers The Best Solution
If conservative treatments fail to provide adequate long-term pain relief, or you’ve suffered a serious hip fracture or dislocation, your doctor might suggest one of these common surgical procedures:
- Arthroscopic Hip Surgery
If your hip pain persists despite conservative treatment, your orthopedic surgeon may recommend arthroscopic hip surgery. This minimally invasive approach involves making a few tiny incisions around your hip joint.
Using a tiny camera (arthroscope) and miniature surgical tools inserted through the incisions, your surgeon can assess and repair damaged structures inside your hip. This allows the removal of debris and frayed cartilage pieces irritating the joint and quick recovery with less pain than open surgery.
You’ll use crutches for several weeks after arthroscopy while inflammation subsides and your hip strengthens. Full recovery takes about three months of gradual rehab and activity progression.
- Total Hip Replacement
If you have advanced arthritis, significant hip joint damage, or persistent hip pain interfering with daily function, your doctor may recommend a total hip replacement. This surgery involves removing your damaged hip socket and the top of your thighbone and replacing them with small synthetic joint components.
The implants will have an inner ball of metal or ceramic and an outer cup portion made of durable plastic. Though a highly invasive procedure, total hip replacement is usually a permanent solution to advanced degeneration or injuries.
With extensive postsurgical rehabilitation, you will progressively regain hip strength and mobility over several months. Most patients experience dramatic pain relief and go back to enjoying activities within one year.
- Hip Resurfacing
If you have hip joint damage isolated to certain areas only, hip resurfacing may be an option over total replacement.
This less invasive joint-preserving technique caps damaged portions of your hip bone with smoothed metal components instead of removing bone and cartilage entirely. The procedure conserves your healthy hip tissues for easier revisions later if required.
Like a total replacement, hip resurfacing requires implanting a ball and socket hip made of metal or ceramic. Recovery takes around 6-12 weeks with progressive walking, strength training, and range of motion exercises.
While speedier than a full replacement initially, hip resurfacing may wear out faster in some patients and need replacing down the road.
Consult with your orthopedic specialist about the pros and cons of each method for your unique hip diagnosis. Surgical intervention might provide permanent pain relief when conservative therapies prove ineffective or joint damage is too advanced.
By understanding these treatment approaches, you gain confidence during consultations with orthopedic specialists. Lean on their expertise and listen to their tailored recommendations for your unique situation. With an appropriate treatment plan and dedication during recovery, you can get back on your feet again soon.